Commonly known as MoMA, is one of the most influential and iconic museums of modern art in the world. Located in midtown Manhattan, MoMA's remarkable collection, ranging from late 19th century to contemporary pieces, and innovative exhibitions have made it a must-see destination for art lovers for over 90 years. But it's not just masterpieces on the walls that have made headlines - the museum has also seen its fair share of juicy theft and scandal over the decades!
The History and Humble Beginnings of an Artistic Hub
MoMA first opened its doors on November 7, 1929, just days after the Wall Street stock market crash. It was founded by three wealthy and discerning women - Abby Aldrich Rockefeller, Mary Quinn Sullivan and Lillie P. Bliss - who were determined to bring modern art to a sceptical American public. The museum's first exhibit in 1929, 'Paintings in Paris', showed works by Cézanne, Gauguin, van Gogh and Seurat. This avant-garde collection shocked and divided critics, with some doubting modern art as more than a passing trend. Despite suspicion, the forward-looking vision of MoMA's founders proved prescient.
In fact, Abby Rockefeller was once overheard gushing rather scandalously that she found the unconventional Matisse nude paintings "simply divine!" Such enthusiasm for provocative modern art did not always go over well in the early days.
From Modern to Contemporary: Expanding a Pioneering Collection
Over the decades, MoMA has led the way in recognizing, collecting and exhibiting pathbreaking modern and contemporary artists. Works by Monet, Matisse, Picasso were collected in the 1930s, followed by Pollock, Rothko, de Kooning and Rauschenberg in the 1940s-50s as Abstract Expressionism flourished. Pop artists like Warhol and Lichtenstein were displayed in the 1960s. In the 1970s, MoMA made early efforts to feature underrepresented voices, including women artists and artists of color.
The 1990s were an era of flashy ambiance and ostentatious galas at MoMA, with much backstabbing and drama among Manhattan high society vying for influence. Some laughed at the museum's stuffiness, nicknaming it the "Museum of Modern Attitude." But a reputation for stuffy exclusivity also made the museum a tantalizing target for audacious thieves...
Major renovations in 2004 and 2019 have allowed the museum to broaden its scope further to reflect changing tastes. Today MoMA displays over 200,000 paintings, sculptures, drawings, prints, photographs, installations, films and media works. From Van Gogh's iconic 'The Starry Night' to Frida Kahlo self-portraits, and Andy Warhol's pop prints to contemporary videos - one can trace the evolution of modern art across continents and cultures.
Blockbuster Exhibitions and Educational Outreach
While the permanent collection astonishes, MoMA is also renowned for its thoughtfully curated temporary shows. Two to three major exhibitions are presented every year, allowing focus on specific artists or movements. Recent examples include 'Henri Matisse: The Cut-Outs' highlighting his colorful paper collages, and 'Judson Dance Theater' chronicling avant-garde 1960s choreographers. Shows often introduce lesser-known figures, like 2019's 'Betye Saar: The Legends of Black Girl's Window' on the African American assemblage artist.
Beyond exhibitions, the museum offers talks, film screenings, gallery tours, classes and lectures to engage diverse audiences. Public spaces like the sculpture garden and shops create an inviting atmosphere for both art scholars and casual visitors. MoMA also collaborates with local schools and colleges for educational initiatives.
The Architecture and Setting of an Artistic Masterpiece
MoMA's home is as much an architectural artwork as the treasures within. The original 1929 building was designed by Philip Johnson and Henry-Russell Hitchcock, featuring austere, streamlined International Style. Major renovations were undertaken by Cesar Pelli in 1984 and Yoshio Taniguchi in 2004, increasing gallery space. The most recent 2019 expansion by Diller Scofidio + Renfro in collaboration with Gensler added more than a third more space for live and performance art, educational activities and exhibits.
This latest building incorporates glass curtain walls, sweeping stairs, sunlit atriums and fluid spaces. Situated next to Rockefeller Center and the luxury shops of 5th Avenue, MoMA's gleaming modernist facade is perfectly at home among the soaring skyscrapers and energy of Manhattan. The museum's world-class paintings, sculptures and installations now have an equally fitting architectural setting to house them.
Of course, increased space means increased opportunities for wily thieves! In 2010, a crafty burglar slipped out of a side exit with priceless Picassos rolled up in a shopping bag. And just this year, a pair of troublemaking performance artists stripped down naked in the sculpture garden as a brazen protest piece! But provocation and mischief are all part of the unpredictable creativity celebrated here.
MoMA: A Portal to Modern Artistic Ingenuity
For over 90 years, the Museum of Modern Art has served as a cultural beacon for experiencing avant-garde creativity. It continues to collect, exhibit and champion pioneering artistic voices across a multitude of mediums and backgrounds. Visiting MoMA is a must for appreciating both the luminaries and unsung heroes of modern art. Wandering its galleries lets one absorb the vibrant diversity of artistic expression over the past century and into the future. MoMA remains a dynamic space for engaging with the masterpieces and curiosity of the modern world.